Each journal has a number of individual author guidelines that give advice on how to prepare your work for submission. We also provide further details on specific topics that may be helpful in preparing your submission. The guidelines for content, style and submission procedure are specific to the journal and can be found on the homepage of the individual journal.

Select a journal and then follow the “Instructions for Authors” on the homepage.

To make a manuscript submission as easy as possible for authors, Apertus journals allow format submission. For New submission, however, we encourage authors to read the manuscript preparation guidelines below and text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point Times New Roman font; using italics, rather than underlining to facilitate viewing by editors and reviewers.

Manuscript length

The following table shows the maximum word count of the main text (including the main text and figure legends, but not the title page, abstract, materials, and methods section or reference list) number of supplementary items (figures and tables) for different article types.

Article Components Minimum
word count
 word count
Abstract Length  Figures and Tables
Original Research 4000 12000 350 words 10
Review Articles 3000 8000 350 words 10
Mini-Review 1500 3000 250 words 3
Commentary 600 1000 0 1 or 2
Case Report 1000 3000 350 words 5
Clinical Trial 3000 10000 350 words 12 or 15
Opinion 800 2000 0 1
Editorial 300 1000 0 0
Study Protocol 3000 12000 350 words 10
Book Review 500 1000 0 0 or 1


Give a title, full name(s) of the author(s) [surname(s) in capital letters], Title should omit authors of taxa and years of description, and, where appropriate, should include names of higher taxa accommodating the insects under study.

Keywords: Select a set of keywords (index terms). The set should be complete (i.e., words from the title should be repeated if considered index terms).


Every abstract should go over the main points of the content of the article and indicate the relevance of the work, a maximum of 500 words. Adopt standard scientific nomenclature, avoid abbreviations and quotations. Abstracts of taxonomic papers should mention all nomenclatural acts and list the newly proposed nominal taxa.

The standard orders of sections for original papers are

  • Introduction,
  • Material and methods,
  • Results,
  • Discussion (the last two sections may be jointly described),
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Footnotes
  • Tables
  • Figure legends

Citations to Journal Articles

1. Standard journal: Standard paper in a continuously paginated journal; give issue number (in parentheses following volume) if each issue is paginated separately

If Less than four Authors:

  1. Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia.Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.

If more than four Authors:

  1. Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2005 Jun;200(6):869-75.

2. Journal article with the organization as author

  • Sugarterapias es Onkologiai Szakmai Kollegium. [Methodologic recommendations of the Oncology and Radiotherapy College. Protocol for oncology care. Diagnostic algorithms in the course of patient follow-up]. Magy Onkol. 2004;48(4):339-47. Hungarian

3. Journal article with the governmental body as author

  • National Institutes of Health (US). End-of-life care. National Institutes of Health statement on the state of the science. AWHONN Lifelines. 2005 Feb-Mar;9(1):15-22.

4. Journal article with no author provided

  • Drug-resistance tuberculosis among the foreign-born in Canada. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2005 Feb 15;31(4):46-52. English, French.

5. Journal article that is an erratum

  • Cuderi A, Letsou A. Amnioserosa is required for dorsal closure in Drosophila. Dev Dyn. 2005 Mar;232(3):791-800. Erratum in: Dev Dyn. 2005 May;233(1):249.

6. Standard numbered/lettered figure table in a journal article

  • Wood RH, Gardner RE, Ferachi KA, King C, Ermolao A, Cherry KE, Cress ME,Jazwinski SM. Physical function and quality of life in older adults: sex differences. South Med J. 2005 May;98(5):504-12. Figure 2a, Physical function vs. SF-36 PCS in women; p. 510.

7. Sample Citation and Introduction to Citing Entire Journal Titles

  • JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association. Chicago: American Medical Association. Vol. 1, 1883

Citations to Books

  • Eyre HJ, Lange DP, Morris LB. Informed decisions: the complete book of cancer diagnosis, treatment, and recovery. 2nd ed. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; c2002. 768 p.

Conference Publications

  • Citations to Conference Proceedings:

Furton EJ, Dort V, editors. Addiction and compulsive behaviors. Proceedings of the 17th Workshop for Bishops; 1999; Dallas, TX. Boston: National Catholic Bioethics Center (US); 2000. 258 p.

  • Proceedings also published as part of a journal

Dostrovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17-22; San Diego, CA. Seattle: IASP Press; c2003. 937 p. (Progress in pain research and management; vol. 24).

Scientific and Technical

  1. The standard report is written and published by the sponsoring organization

Page E, Harney JM. Health hazard evaluation report. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2001 Feb. 24 p. Report No.: HETA2000-0139-2824. Reports

  1. Report with a government agency as the author

 National High Blood Pressure Education Program (US). The €e fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Rev. ed. Bethesda (MD): National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (US); 2005. 48 p. (NIH publication; no. 05-5267).

Dissertations and Theses

Standard dissertation

 Jones DL. €e role of physical activity on the need for revision total knee arthroplasty in individuals with osteoarthritis of the knee [dissertation]. [Pittsburgh (PA)]: University of Pittsburgh; 2001. 436 p.

Dissertation or thesis with sponsorship or support note included

Kanika K. Labor market implications of employer-provided health insurance [dissertation]. Evanston (IL): Northwestern University; 1997. 204 p. Sponsored by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.


Standard patent

  • Cho ST, inventor; Hospira, Inc., assignee. Microneedles for minimally invasive drug delivery. United States patent US 6,980,855. 2005 Dec 27

Forthcoming (“in the press”)

  • Standard citation for a forthcoming book Posner MI, Rothbart MK. Educating the human brain. Washington: American Psychological Association. Forthcoming 2007.